Fatality Facts 2019Passenger vehicle occupants

Overview

The largest number of motor vehicle crash deaths occur among occupants of passenger vehicles, including cars, minivans, pickups, SUVs, and cargo/large passenger vans. The likelihood of crash death varies markedly among these vehicle types according to size. Small/light vehicles have less structure to absorb crash energy, so crash forces on occupants will be higher. People in lighter vehicles are at a disadvantage in collisions with heavier vehicles. Puckett, S.M. and Kindelberger, J.C. 2016. Relationships between Fatality Risk, Mass, and Footprint in Model Year 2003-2010 Passenger Cars and LTVs – Preliminary Report. (Docket No. NHTSA-2016-0068). Washington, DC: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.Pickups and SUVs are proportionally more likely than cars to be in fatal single-vehicle crashes, especially rollovers. However, pickups and SUVs generally are heavier than cars, so occupant deaths in SUVs and pickups are less likely to occur in multiple-vehicle crashes.

Guide to car size groups

Curb weight Shadow (overall length x width in square feet)
70-80 81-90 91-100 101-110 > 110
Note: Includes minivans.
2,001-2,500 lbs Mini Small Small Small Midsize
2,501-3,000 lbs Small Small Midsize Midsize Midsize
3,001-3,500 lbs Small Midsize Midsize Large Large
3,501-4,000 lbs Small Midsize Large Large Very large
> 4,000 lbs Midsize Midsize Large Very large Very large

Guide to SUV size groups

Curb weight
Small 3,001-3,750 lbs
Midsize
3,751-4,750 lbs
Large 4,751-5,750 lbs
Very large
> 5,750 lbs or shadow > 115 sq ft

Guide to pickup size groups

Curb weight
Small ≤ 4,000 lbs
Large > 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity = 1/2 ton
Very large
> 4,000 lbs and carrying capacity > 1/2 ton

The following facts are based on analysis of data from the U.S. Department of Transportation's Fatality Analysis Reporting System (FARS) and The Polk Company's National Vehicle Population Profile.

Posted March 2021.

Crash types

Frontal impacts accounted for 57 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2019. Side impacts accounted for another 23 percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in all crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2019
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 6,995 56 2,552 60 3,003 56 12,785 57
Side 3,397 27 730 17 994 19 5,187 23
Rear 786 6 166 4 303 6 1,287 6
Other (mostly rollover) 1,242 10 831 19 1,042 20 3,157 14
All* 12,420 100 4,279 100 5,342 100 22,416 100
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2019
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 2,660 55 1,306 54 1,377 52 5,414 54
Side 891 19 284 12 273 10 1,461 15
Rear 123 3 29 1 25 1 181 2
Other (mostly rollover) 1,123 23 786 33 969 37 2,917 29
All* 4,797 100 2,405 100 2,644 100 9,973 100
Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2019
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 4,335 57 1,246 66 1,626 60 7,371 59
Side 2,506 33 446 24 721 27 3,726 30
Rear 663 9 137 7 278 10 1,106 9
Other (mostly rollover) 119 2 45 2 73 3 240 2
All* 7,623 100 1,874 100 2,698 100 12,443 100

Just 39 percent of car occupant deaths in 2019 occurred in single-vehicle crashes (and 61 percent occurred in multiple-vehicle crashes). In contrast, single-vehicle crashes accounted for 56 percent of pickup occupant deaths and 49 percent of SUV occupant deaths.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by vehicle and crash type, 2019
Vehicle type Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Number % Number % Number %
Cars 4,797 39 7,623 61 12,420 100
Pickups 2,405 56 1,874 44 4,279 100
SUVs 2,644 49 2,698 51 5,342 100
Other 127 34 248 66 375 100
All passenger vehicles 9,973 44 12,443 56 22,416 100

Age and sex differences

Twenty-three percent of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2019 were younger than 25.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, 2019
Age All occupants
Number %
<25 5,050 23
25-29 2,256 10
30-34 1,766 8
35-39 1,633 7
40-44 1,378 6
45-49 1,314 6
50-54 1,316 6
55-59 1,454 6
60-64 1,289 6
65-69 1,156 5
70+ 3,785 17
All * 22,416 100

The majority (75 percent) of passenger vehicle occupants killed in 2019 were drivers; 71 percent of these drivers were males.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by age, type, and sex, 2019
Age Drivers All occupants
Male Female Total* Male Female Total*
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
<16 16 62 10 38 26 100 421 49 431 51 853 100
16-19 680 69 303 31 984 100 1,047 65 559 35 1,607 100
20-24 1,344 72 521 28 1,869 100 1,762 68 821 32 2,590 100
25-29 1,242 70 522 30 1,768 100 1,505 67 746 33 2,256 100
30-34 1,019 71 414 29 1,434 100 1,200 68 564 32 1,766 100
35-39 985 74 347 26 1,334 100 1,142 70 489 30 1,633 100
40-44 806 72 316 28 1,124 100 944 69 432 31 1,378 100
45-49 771 72 301 28 1,072 100 886 67 427 32 1,314 100
50-54 771 71 308 29 1,080 100 881 67 434 33 1,316 100
55-59 917 74 316 26 1,233 100 1,024 70 430 30 1,454 100
60-64 774 72 298 28 1,072 100 868 67 420 33 1,289 100
65-69 663 69 294 31 957 100 720 62 436 38 1,156 100
≥70 1,900 67 918 33 2,820 100 2,200 58 1,582 42 3,785 100
All* 11,896 71 4,868 29 16,783 100 14,614 65 7,774 35 22,416 100

Eight percent of passenger vehicle occupant deaths were in the second or third row; 28 percent of these were younger than 13.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by seating position and age, 2019
Seating position <13 years 13-19 years ≥20 years All*
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Driver 0 0 1,010 6 15,763 94 16,783 100
Front row passenger 84 2 448 12 3,050 85 3,586 100
Second row passenger 450 27 309 19 882 54 1,644 100
Third row passenger 32 36 17 19 39 44 88 100
All* 612 3 1,848 8 19,937 89 22,416 100

Driver death rates

Computing driver death rates per million registered passenger vehicles allows for comparisons of fatal crash risk across vehicle groups. The computed rates reflect the influence of vehicle designs plus their patterns of use and the demographics of their drivers. Driver death rates for each year are based on vehicles that were 1-3 years old at the time of the crash so as to minimize the effects of vehicle aging. Death rates calculated from vehicles with fewer than 120,000 registrations are considered unreliable and are not included.

Since 1978, the overall rates of driver and occupant deaths per million registered vehicles have declined across all passenger vehicle types. Declines in death rates have been largest for SUV occupants.

Passenger vehicle occupant death rates by vehicle type, 1978-2019

Occupant deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2019
Year Drivers All occupants
Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles Cars Pickups SUVs All passenger vehicles
1978 155 237 273 169 235 346 438 256
1979 165 246 271 180 244 350 425 265
1980 167 221 287 177 248 316 494 263
1981 177 216 237 182 259 296 389 265
1982 155 188 229 159 231 263 392 236
1983 148 188 225 153 220 263 337 225
1984 147 190 143 151 218 259 218 222
1985 139 182 141 144 207 257 227 213
1986 128 172 134 133 196 239 224 202
1987 129 178 136 136 196 248 232 205
1988 133 186 121 140 205 251 198 211
1989 130 185 116 138 199 255 185 208
1990 122 179 126 131 187 245 201 197
1991 108 169 109 117 169 229 175 178
1992 101 151 88 108 160 200 151 165
1993 97 137 93 102 152 187 141 156
1994 100 134 87 104 159 178 148 161
1995 103 134 102 107 160 180 157 162
1996 107 127 98 109 167 178 150 167
1997 96 118 93 99 152 161 146 153
1998 90 119 86 94 141 158 141 144
1999 91 120 93 96 138 162 139 143
2000 83 117 81 89 127 155 135 134
2001 83 130 74 89 124 170 116 131
2002 84 123 76 88 126 162 122 131
2003 81 115 72 85 122 151 115 126
2004 76 107 66 79 114 145 103 117
2005 79 110 56 78 117 145 88 114
2006 77 101 49 73 112 137 74 106
2007 70 95 44 67 103 128 69 99
2008 65 87 35 61 92 114 52 85
2009 56 63 25 49 82 83 36 69
2010 49 64 20 43 71 80 29 61
2011 43 49 17 37 62 66 24 52
2012 42 44 16 35 61 56 23 49
2013 41 39 19 34 58 52 26 48
2014 37 38 18 32 53 47 24 44
2015 42 40 20 35 62 52 29 51
2016 44 39 21 36 63 48 32 51
2017 46 37 22 36 66 46 33 51
2018 48 34 23 36 70 42 32 51
2019 48 32 24 35 67 39 35 49

Historically, rates of driver deaths per million registered vehicles have been higher for smaller and lighter vehicles. This remains true for cars and SUVs in 2019, but pickup driver deaths don’t follow this pattern. Nonetheless, the differences between large and small vehicles are less extreme today than they used to be.

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2019

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2019
Registered vehicles Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 833,842 72 86
Small 7,299,164 411 56
Midsize 8,681,749 344 40
Large 2,035,515 109 54
Very large 1,670,461 41 25
All cars 20,520,731 978 48
Pickups Small 1,392,454 33 24
Large 4,772,604 146 31
Very large 1,652,074 54 33
All pickups 7,817,132 247 32
SUVs Small 9,152,362 267 29
Midsize 9,584,131 193 20
Large 1,958,289 36 18
Very large 441,284 10 23
All SUVs 21,136,066 508 24
All passenger vehicles All 50,467,891 1,778 35

Overall in 2019, there were 13 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in single-vehicle crashes and 23 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in multiple-vehicle crashes. Cars had the highest number of deaths per registered vehicle both in single-vehicle crashes (16 per million) and in multiple-vehicle crashes (32 per million). SUVs had the lowest number of deaths per registered vehicle both in single-vehicle crashes (9 per million) and in multiple-vehicle crashes (15 per million).

Driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by crash type, 2019
Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 51 61 21 25 3 4 72 86
Small 302 41 109 15 25 3 411 56
Midsize 220 25 124 14 31 4 344 40
Large 51 25 58 28 17 8 109 54
Very large 28 17 13 8 4 2 41 25
All cars 652 32 326 16 80 4 978 48
Pickups Small 20 14 13 9 4 3 33 24
Large 76 16 70 15 23 5 146 31
Very large 27 16 27 16 15 9 54 33
All pickups 133 17 114 15 44 6 247 32
SUVs Small 192 21 75 8 32 3 267 29
Midsize 101 11 92 10 36 4 193 20
Large 19 10 17 9 8 4 36 18
Very large 6 14 4 9 0 0 10 23
All SUVs 320 15 188 9 76 4 508 24
All passenger vehicles All 1,144 23 634 13 201 4 1,778 35
Driver deaths per million 1-3 year old registered pickups and SUVs by crash type and 2WD/4WD, 2019
Multiple-vehicle Single-vehicle Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD 2WD 4WD
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Pickups Small 11 20 9 11 2 4 11 13 0 0 4 5 0 0 20 24
Large 25 20 51 15 17 13 53 15 5 4 18 5 42 33 104 30
Very large 2 25 16 3 24 16 1 14 9 5 49 32
All pickups 38 20 85 14 22 11 88 15 6 3 36 6 60 31 173 29
SUVs Small 99 26 93 17 36 10 39 7 12 3 20 4 135 36 132 25
Midsize 50 15 51 8 25 7 66 11 10 3 26 4 75 22 117 19
Large 8 13 11 8 5 8 12 9 4 7 4 3 13 21 23 17
Very large 3 23 3 10 1 8 3 10 0 0 0 0 4 30 6 19
All SUVs 160 20 158 12 67 8 120 9 26 3 50 4 227 29 278 21

In multiple-vehicle crashes, frontal impacts accounted for 15 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2019. By comparison, multiple-vehicle side impacts accounted for 5 deaths per million and multiple-vehicle rear impacts accounted for 2 deaths per million.

Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2019
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars 424 21 181 9 37 2 5 <1 652 32
Pickups 103 13 22 3 8 1 0 0 133 17
SUVs 219 10 68 3 30 1 0 0 320 15
All passenger vehicles 777 15 275 5 79 2 5 <1 1,144 23
Driver deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by passenger vehicle size, 2019
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 35 42 10 12 5 6 1 1 51 61
Small 207 28 77 11 16 2 1 <1 302 41
Midsize 132 15 69 8 14 2 3 <1 220 25
Large 30 15 20 10 0 <1 0 <1 51 25
Very large 20 12 5 3 2 1 0 <1 28 17
All cars 424 21 181 9 37 2 5 <1 652 32
Pickups Small 13 9 5 4 2 1 0 <1 20 14
Large 64 13 8 2 4 <1 0 <1 76 16
Very large 19 12 6 4 2 1 0 <1 27 16
All pickups 103 13 22 3 8 1 0 <1 133 17
SUVs Small 123 13 45 5 22 2 0 <1 192 21
Midsize 78 8 16 2 6 <1 0 <1 101 11
Large 12 6 5 3 2 1 0 0 19 10
Very large 4 9 2 5 0 <1 0 <1 6 14
All SUVs 219 10 68 3 30 1 0 <1 320 15
All passenger vehicles All 777 15 275 5 79 2 5 <1 1,144 23

In single-vehicle crashes, frontal impacts accounted for 9 driver deaths per million registered passenger vehicles in 2019. By comparison, single-vehicle side impacts accounted for just 1 death per million and single-vehicle rear impacts for less than 1 death per million.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 2019
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars 205 10 40 2 8 <1 33 2 326 16
Pickups 93 12 5 <1 2 <1 8 1 114 15
SUVs 139 7 14 <1 1 <1 15 <1 188 9
All passenger vehicles 443 9 59 1 11 <1 56 1 634 13
Driver deaths in single-vehicle crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old by passenger vehicle size, 2019
Frontal impacts Side impacts Rear impacts Other Total
Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate Deaths Rate
Cars Mini 15 18 2 2 0 <1 1 1 21 25
Small 67 9 13 2 0 <1 12 2 109 15
Midsize 77 9 18 2 7 <1 10 1 124 14
Large 37 18 5 2 1 <1 7 3 58 28
Very large 9 5 1 <1 0 <1 3 2 13 8
All cars 205 10 40 2 8 <1 33 2 326 16
Pickups Small 11 8 0 <1 0 <1 1 <1 13 9
Large 58 12 2 <1 0 <1 6 1 70 15
Very large 20 12 3 2 2 1 1 <1 27 16
All pickups 93 12 5 <1 2 <1 8 1 114 15
SUVs Small 53 6 6 <1 0 <1 9 <1 75 8
Midsize 71 7 6 <1 1 <1 4 <1 92 10
Large 13 7 1 1 0 0 1 1 17 9
Very large 2 5 1 2 0 <1 1 2 4 9
All SUVs 139 7 14 <1 1 <1 15 <1 188 9
All passenger vehicles All 443 9 59 1 11 <1 56 1 634 13

Rollover

A crash is classified as a rollover if the vehicle tips onto its side or roof at any time during the crash. The rollover may result from an impact with another vehicle or with a fixed object. Many rollovers occur after a vehicle leaves the roadway and may lead to occupants being ejected from the vehicle, increasing the likelihood of a fatality.

A total of 6,358 passenger vehicle occupants died in rollover crashes in 2019. Although most rollovers (74 percent) were associated with a pre-rollover impact, a substantial proportion (26 percent) rolled over without having impacted anything beforehand.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover crashes by impact point and vehicle type, 2019
Point of initial impact Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants All occupants
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Frontal 1,226 49 661 41 853 41 2,792 44
Side 417 17 257 16 278 13 976 15
Rear 117 5 53 3 96 5 280 4
None 445 18 507 31 659 31 1,637 26
Other 305 12 154 9 210 10 673 11
All* 2,510 100 1,632 100 2,096 100 6,358 100

Crashes in which a vehicle rolled over accounted for 28 percent of all passenger vehicle occupant deaths in 2019. The proportion of occupant deaths involving a rollover was much higher in single-vehicle crashes (49 percent) than it was for multiple-vehicle crashes (12 percent).

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths by crash type, 1978-2019
Year Deaths in single-vehicle crashes Deaths in multiple-vehicle crashes Deaths in all crashes*
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
1978 7,858 48 8,460 52 1,477 8 17,093 92 9,350 27 25,573 73
1979 8,010 48 8,542 52 1,666 9 16,779 91 9,691 28 25,335 72
1980 8,673 49 9,001 51 1,588 9 15,679 91 10,282 29 24,714 71
1981 8,211 50 8,188 50 1,588 9 15,692 91 9,812 29 23,899 71
1982 6,974 49 7,205 51 1,305 8 14,158 92 8,282 28 21,374 72
1983 6,951 50 7,079 50 1,256 8 13,868 92 8,207 28 20,947 72
1984 7,116 50 7,092 50 1,358 9 14,528 91 8,474 28 21,620 72
1985 6,900 50 6,779 50 1,361 8 14,805 92 8,262 28 21,586 72
1986 7,954 52 7,428 48 1,501 9 15,341 91 9,455 29 22,769 71
1987 8,162 53 7,363 47 1,629 9 15,991 91 9,791 30 23,354 70
1988 8,562 53 7,494 47 1,582 9 16,467 91 10,144 30 23,961 70
1989 8,060 52 7,558 48 1,620 9 16,361 91 9,680 29 23,919 71
1990 8,068 52 7,382 48 1,556 9 15,705 91 9,624 29 23,087 71
1991 7,749 52 7,131 48 1,523 10 14,407 90 9,272 30 21,538 70
1992 7,135 52 6,693 48 1,492 10 14,137 90 8,627 29 20,830 71
1993 7,002 51 6,821 49 1,524 9 14,647 91 8,526 28 21,468 72
1994 7,268 52 6,637 48 1,669 10 15,246 90 8,937 29 21,883 71
1995 7,802 53 6,940 47 1,708 10 15,464 90 9,510 30 22,404 70
1996 7,903 53 6,891 47 1,691 10 15,869 90 9,594 30 22,760 70
1997 7,712 53 6,743 47 1,774 10 16,114 90 9,486 29 22,857 71
1998 7,848 54 6,594 46 1,872 11 15,467 89 9,720 31 22,061 69
1999 8,255 56 6,502 44 1,839 11 15,412 89 10,094 32 21,914 68
2000 8,112 54 6,841 46 1,800 10 15,356 90 9,912 31 22,197 69
2001 8,375 55 6,786 45 1,747 10 15,030 90 10,122 32 21,816 68
2002 8,724 55 7,114 45 1,952 12 14,934 88 10,676 33 22,048 67
2003 8,462 55 6,936 45 1,940 12 14,828 88 10,402 32 21,764 68
2004 8,525 56 6,764 44 2,022 12 14,439 88 10,547 33 21,203 67
2005 8,730 57 6,713 43 2,095 13 13,902 87 10,825 34 20,630 66
2006 8,790 57 6,666 43 1,919 13 13,229 87 10,712 35 19,916 65
2007 8,429 56 6,528 44 1,844 13 12,330 87 10,274 35 18,881 65
2008 7,541 56 6,002 44 1,529 13 10,459 87 9,073 36 16,474 64
2009 6,868 55 5,538 45 1,451 13 9,630 87 8,322 35 15,185 65
2010 6,375 55 5,245 45 1,365 13 9,366 87 7,740 35 14,611 65
2011 6,148 55 5,076 45 1,293 13 8,896 87 7,441 35 13,972 65
2012 6,273 55 5,201 45 1,312 13 9,120 87 7,585 35 14,321 65
2013 5,825 53 5,168 47 1,257 12 9,111 88 7,082 33 14,279 67
2014 5,570 52 5,059 48 1,304 12 9,198 88 6,874 33 14,257 67
2015 5,802 53 5,138 47 1,458 12 10,343 88 7,260 32 15,481 68
2016 5,919 52 5,511 48 1,616 13 10,911 87 7,535 31 16,422 69
2017 5,617 51 5,455 49 1,651 13 11,143 87 7,268 30 16,598 70
2018 5,125 49 5,247 51 1,511 12 11,163 88 6,636 29 16,410 71
2019 4,857 49 5,116 51 1,501 12 10,942 88 6,358 28 16,058 72

In 2019, rollover crashes accounted for 20 percent of occupant deaths in cars, 38 percent of occupant deaths in pickups, and 39 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in rollover vs. no rollover crashes, 1978-2019
Year Car occupants Pickup occupants SUV occupants
Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover Rollover No rollover
Number % Number % Number % Number % Number % Number %
1978 6,422 23 21,476 77 1,989 39 3,114 61 520 61 332 39
1979 6,416 23 21,102 77 2,222 41 3,201 59 630 67 315 33
1980 6,862 25 20,420 75 2,263 41 3,226 59 735 65 389 35
1981 6,541 25 19,865 75 2,177 42 3,059 58 663 65 358 35
1982 5,477 24 17,667 76 1,935 40 2,844 60 571 66 291 34
1983 5,381 24 17,420 76 1,939 42 2,721 58 609 66 311 34
1984 5,525 24 17,959 76 2,048 42 2,836 58 587 66 299 34
1985 5,220 23 17,864 77 2,044 42 2,848 58 671 66 353 34
1986 6,000 24 18,898 76 2,371 44 2,963 56 737 65 394 35
1987 6,015 24 19,145 76 2,598 45 3,197 55 824 65 445 35
1988 6,246 24 19,630 76 2,762 45 3,327 55 815 62 505 38
1989 5,801 23 19,533 77 2,680 45 3,336 55 847 62 526 38
1990 5,714 23 18,749 77 2,713 45 3,319 55 910 61 570 39
1991 5,470 24 17,324 76 2,593 44 3,265 56 934 61 587 39
1992 4,968 23 16,921 77 2,479 45 2,997 55 879 63 511 37
1993 4,877 22 17,289 78 2,415 43 3,196 57 971 63 581 37
1994 5,149 23 17,559 77 2,393 43 3,211 57 1,102 61 707 39
1995 5,381 23 17,838 77 2,581 43 3,392 57 1,257 63 749 37
1996 5,357 23 18,170 77 2,539 43 3,389 57 1,429 65 781 35
1997 5,174 22 18,069 78 2,479 42 3,443 58 1,516 63 900 37
1998 5,177 23 17,298 77 2,537 43 3,367 57 1,703 63 1,008 37
1999 5,212 23 16,997 77 2,699 44 3,396 56 1,901 63 1,118 37
2000 5,030 23 17,061 77 2,529 42 3,467 58 2,067 62 1,270 38
2001 5,056 23 16,632 77 2,636 43 3,485 57 2,159 61 1,362 39
2002 5,279 24 16,835 76 2,715 45 3,343 55 2,474 62 1,548 38
2003 4,943 23 16,182 77 2,509 43 3,324 57 2,658 60 1,805 40
2004 4,801 23 15,822 77 2,519 44 3,197 56 2,949 62 1,823 38
2005 4,860 24 15,096 76 2,773 46 3,267 54 2,909 60 1,938 40
2006 4,754 25 14,333 75 2,781 47 3,096 53 2,919 59 2,054 41
2007 4,414 25 13,391 75 2,660 46 3,098 54 2,929 59 2,046 41
2008 3,994 25 11,731 75 2,368 47 2,653 53 2,510 58 1,840 42
2009 3,515 25 10,609 75 2,246 48 2,473 52 2,388 56 1,866 44
2010 3,202 24 10,231 76 2,057 46 2,386 54 2,340 57 1,790 43
2011 3,063 24 9,675 76 1,973 46 2,272 54 2,259 55 1,836 45
2012 3,208 24 9,904 76 1,987 46 2,352 54 2,287 55 1,884 45
2013 2,991 23 9,740 77 1,916 45 2,299 55 2,057 50 2,041 50
2014 2,818 22 9,725 78 1,871 44 2,352 56 2,070 50 2,033 50
2015 3,004 23 10,316 77 1,916 43 2,574 57 2,211 48 2,366 52
2016 3,124 22 10,933 78 1,973 43 2,652 57 2,305 47 2,603 53
2017 3,007 22 10,895 78 1,837 41 2,597 59 2,322 45 2,864 55
2018 2,677 20 10,583 80 1,741 40 2,639 60 2,113 42 2,946 58
2019 2,510 20 9,910 80 1,632 38 2,647 62 2,096 39 3,246 61

A total of 4,857 passenger vehicle occupants died in single-vehicle rollover crashes in 2019, which accounts for more than three-fourths of all rollover deaths (6,358 in all). The number of passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle rollovers was 5 percent lower than it was in 2018 and 38 percent lower than it was in 1978.

Passenger vehicle occupant deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes, 1978-2019
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicle drivers All passenger vehicle occupants
1978 3,710 1,140 271 5,323 7,858
1979 3,610 1,263 329 5,396 8,010
1980 3,995 1,309 406 5,895 8,673
1981 3,826 1,291 364 5,687 8,211
1982 3,222 1,162 312 4,828 6,974
1983 3,169 1,120 319 4,732 6,951
1984 3,252 1,226 331 4,964 7,116
1985 3,076 1,202 360 4,773 6,900
1986 3,477 1,401 375 5,400 7,954
1987 3,436 1,535 403 5,528 8,162
1988 3,679 1,656 447 5,925 8,562
1989 3,314 1,629 463 5,551 8,060
1990 3,301 1,563 486 5,477 8,068
1991 3,105 1,595 470 5,282 7,749
1992 2,806 1,492 442 4,848 7,135
1993 2,670 1,462 494 4,729 7,002
1994 2,838 1,403 522 4,879 7,268
1995 3,024 1,556 602 5,284 7,802
1996 2,953 1,514 720 5,294 7,903
1997 2,836 1,469 754 5,178 7,712
1998 2,878 1,545 808 5,328 7,848
1999 2,882 1,667 999 5,644 8,255
2000 2,813 1,526 1,035 5,466 8,112
2001 2,852 1,651 1,063 5,654 8,375
2002 2,998 1,668 1,224 5,967 8,724
2003 2,762 1,595 1,331 5,789 8,462
2004 2,715 1,540 1,490 5,853 8,525
2005 2,779 1,711 1,478 6,074 8,730
2006 2,776 1,754 1,555 6,198 8,790
2007 2,640 1,683 1,516 5,934 8,429
2008 2,362 1,537 1,398 5,380 7,541
2009 2,103 1,478 1,273 4,913 6,868
2010 1,954 1,324 1,226 4,548 6,375
2011 1,851 1,297 1,218 4,430 6,148
2012 1,955 1,288 1,287 4,567 6,273
2013 1,808 1,219 1,112 4,181 5,825
2014 1,674 1,195 1,185 4,100 5,570
2015 1,798 1,206 1,210 4,269 5,802
2016 1,894 1,221 1,208 4,377 5,919
2017 1,809 1,155 1,245 4,244 5,617
2018 1,605 1,110 1,128 3,880 5,125
2019 1,473 1,040 1,117 3,677 4,857

In 2019, single-vehicle rollover crashes accounted for 16 percent of occupant deaths in cars, 30 percent of occupant deaths in pickups, and 29 percent of occupant deaths in SUVs.

Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all occupant deaths, 2019
Drivers All occupants
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Cars Mini 75 14 531 100 90 14 662 100
Small 448 15 3,002 100 579 15 3,983 100
Midsize 580 17 3,424 100 780 17 4,657 100
Large 273 17 1,561 100 357 17 2,106 100
Very large 74 13 580 100 115 13 875 100
All cars 1,473 16 9,204 100 1,949 16 12,420 100
Pickups Small 252 29 884 100 316 30 1,059 100
Large 546 29 1,904 100 678 29 2,321 100
Very large 220 36 604 100 276 36 763 100
All pickups 1,040 30 3,499 100 1,297 30 4,279 100
SUVs Small 264 22 1,215 100 330 20 1,614 100
Midsize 591 32 1,841 100 812 32 2,573 100
Large 189 34 553 100 290 35 818 100
Very large 71 35 203 100 107 36 298 100
All SUVs 1,117 29 3,840 100 1,547 29 5,342 100
All passenger vehicles All 3,677 22 16,783 100 4,857 22 22,416 100
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as a percent of all driver deaths for pickups and SUVs by 2WD/4WD, 2019
2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Pickups Small 162 27 595 100 90 31 289 100
Large 232 24 955 100 314 33 949 100
Very large 33 24 135 100 187 40 469 100
All pickups 427 25 1,692 100 591 35 1,709 100
SUVs Small 96 19 502 100 168 24 713 100
Midsize 224 29 781 100 367 35 1,059 100
Large 81 32 251 100 108 36 302 100
Very large 32 40 81 100 39 32 122 100
All SUVs 433 27 1,615 100 682 31 2,200 100
Deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes as percent of all occupant deaths for pickups and SUVs by 2WD/4WD, 2019
2WD 4WD
Single-vehicle rollover All crashes Single-vehicle rollover All crashes
Number % Number % Number % Number %
Pickups Small 191 27 708 100 125 36 351 100
Large 297 25 1,195 100 381 34 1,126 100
Very large 41 24 173 100 235 40 590 100
All pickups 529 25 2,083 100 742 36 2,070 100
SUVs Small 117 17 684 100 213 23 930 100
Midsize 323 29 1,115 100 487 33 1,455 100
Large 125 33 381 100 165 38 437 100
Very large 41 36 113 100 66 36 185 100
All SUVs 606 26 2,293 100 932 31 3,012 100

Since 1978, driver death rates for single-vehicle rollover crashes have declined across all passenger vehicle types, particularly among SUVs.

Driver deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2019

Driver deaths in single-vehicle rollover crashes per million registered passenger vehicles 1-3 years old, 1978-2019
Year Car drivers Pickup drivers SUV drivers All passenger vehicles
1978 32 78 141 41
1979 31 90 155 43
1980 37 83 168 47
1981 35 76 137 44
1982 31 65 129 38
1983 29 62 126 35
1984 27 72 69 34
1985 25 61 73 32
1986 24 70 62 32
1987 24 68 67 33
1988 26 70 55 34
1989 24 68 60 33
1990 25 68 60 34
1991 23 66 54 31
1992 20 56 40 27
1993 19 50 51 26
1994 19 42 37 25
1995 20 49 45 27
1996 24 47 55 31
1997 21 44 43 27
1998 21 43 43 28
1999 20 49 47 29
2000 18 46 42 27
2001 18 53 36 27
2002 18 52 36 28
2003 16 47 34 25
2004 15 44 30 23
2005 16 46 24 23
2006 15 44 19 21
2007 14 38 16 19
2008 13 32 12 16
2009 13 28 6 13
2010 11 25 4 11
2011 8 17 4 8
2012 6 11 3 6
2013 5 11 3 5
2014 6 9 3 6
2015 6 7 3 5
2016 5 7 3 5
2017 6 6 3 5
2018 6 5 3 5
2019 4 6 4 4