Top Safety Pick +

2019 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid

small car / 4-door wagon

2019 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid 4-door wagon

Crashworthiness

Rating overview
Small overlap front: driver-side
Small overlap front: passenger-side
Moderate overlap front
Side
Roof strength
Head restraints & seats

Crash avoidance & mitigation

Headlights
Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle
Standard system
Superior

Child seat anchors

LATCH ease of use
+

Key

  • G
    Good
  • A
    Acceptable
  • M
    Marginal
  • P
    Poor
  • Superior
  • Advanced
  • Basic

Some ratings use a scale of Poor to Good. Others range from Basic to Superior.

Small overlap front: driver-side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Subaru Impreza 2.0i 4-door 4wd

The Subaru Impreza was redesigned for the 2017 model year and the Subaru Crosstrek was redesigned for the 2018 model year. Two driver-side small overlap frontal tests of the Impreza were conducted, one by the Institute and the other by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings are based on both tests and apply to both the 4-door sedan and wagon versions of the Impreza as well as 2018 and later models of the Crosstrek wagon.

The Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid, a plug-in hybrid electric variant of the Crosstrek wagon, was introduced in the 2019 model year. Ratings also apply to the Crosstrek Hybrid.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics

Action shot taken during the Institute's driver-side small overlap frontal crash test.

The dummy's position in relation to the door frame, steering wheel, and instrument panel after the crash test indicates that the driver's survival space was maintained very well (Institute test car shown).

The frontal and side curtain airbags worked well together to keep the head from coming close to any stiff structure or outside objects that could cause injury (Institute test shown).

The driver's space was maintained well in both tests, and risk of injuries to the dummy's legs and feet was low.

Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID CEN1704 VTN1701
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 2 4
Footrest (cm) 4 7
Left toepan (cm) 3 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3 4
Parking brake (cm)
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 0 2
Upper occupant compartment
Steering column 0 0
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 2 2
Upper dash (cm) 2 3
Lower instrument panel (cm) 3 4

Driver injury measures

Test ID CEN1704 VTN1701
Head
HIC-15 78 261
Peak gs at hard contact no contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.7 1.3
Extension bending moment (Nm) 10 7
Maximum Nij 0.21 0.22
Chest maximum compression (mm) 21 27
Femur (kN)
Left 0.9 1.1
Right 1.7 1.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1 1
Right 1 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0 0
Right 0 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.62 0.64
Right 0.68 0.34
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.8 2.9
Right 4.0 2.0
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 60 66
Right 67 79

How the driver-side small overlap front test is conducted

Small overlap front: passenger-side

Tested vehicle: 2017 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Premium wagon 4wd

The Subaru Impreza was redesigned for the 2017 model year and the Subaru Crosstrek was redesigned for the 2018 model year. Passenger-side small overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings apply to both the 4-door sedan and wagon versions of the Impreza as well as 2018 and later models of the Crosstrek wagon.

The Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid, a plug-in hybrid electric variant of the Crosstrek wagon, was introduced in the 2019 model year. Ratings also apply to the Crosstrek Hybrid.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Passenger restraints and dummy kinematics
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Hip/thigh
Lower leg/foot
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on passenger side

Test ID VTP1707
Lower occupant compartment
Lower hinge pillar max (cm) 5
Footrest (cm) 11
Right toepan (cm) 6
Center toepan (cm) 1
Rocker panel lateral average (cm) 1
Upper occupant compartment
Center dash (cm) 2
Upper hinge pillar max (cm) 4
Upper dash (cm) 4
Right lower dash (cm) 4

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTP1707
Head
HIC-15 85
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.1
Extension bending moment (Nm) 8
Maximum Nij 0.23
Chest maximum compression (mm) 22
Femur (kN)
Left 0.2
Right 0.1
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 0
Right 0
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.42
Right 0.59
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 2.3
Right 2.1
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 38
Right 31

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTP1707
Head
HIC-15 70
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.8
Extension bending moment (Nm) 9
Maximum Nij 0.16
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Femur (kN)
Left 0.4
Right 0.7
Knee displacement (mm)
Left 1
Right 1
Knee-thigh-hip injury risk (%)
Left 0
Right 0
Maximum tibia index
Left 0.36
Right 0.43
Tibia axial force (kN)
Left 1.1
Right 1.9
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 39
Right 51

How the passenger-side small overlap front test is conducted

Moderate overlap front

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2017 Subaru Impreza 2.0i Premium wagon 4wd

The Subaru Impreza was redesigned for the 2017 model year and the Subaru Crosstrek was redesigned for the 2018 model year. Moderate overlap frontal ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of frontal crash test verification. Ratings apply to both the 4-door sedan and wagon versions of the Impreza as well as 2018 and later models of the Crosstrek wagon.

The Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid, a plug-in hybrid electric variant of the Crosstrek wagon, was introduced in the 2019 model year. Ratings also apply to the Crosstrek Hybrid.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Chest
Leg/foot, left
Leg/foot, right
Driver restraints and dummy kinematics
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTF1627
Footwell intrusion
Footrest (cm) 4
Left (cm) 7
Center (cm) 8
Right (cm) 4
Brake pedal (cm) 3
Instrument panel rearward movement
Left (cm) -1
Right (cm) 0
Steering column movement
Upward (cm) -3
Rearward (cm) -6
A-pillar rearward movement (cm) 0

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTF1627
Head
HIC-15 143
Peak gs at hard contact no contact
Neck
Tension (kN) 1.2
Extension bending moment (Nm) 22
Maximum Nij 0.28
Chest maximum compression (mm) 31
Legs
Femur force - left (kN) 1.4
Femur force - right (kN) 1.0
Knee displacement - left (mm) 1
Knee displacement - right (mm) 1
Maximum tibia index - left 0.43
Maximum tibia index - right 0.52
Tibia axial force - left (kN) 2.6
Tibia axial force - right (kN) 2.2
Foot acceleration (g)
Left 84
Right 50

How the moderate overlap front test is conducted

Side

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid wagon 4wd

The Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid, a plug-in hybrid electric variant of the Crosstrek wagon, was introduced in the 2019 model year. Side ratings are assigned by the Institute based on a test conducted by Subaru as part of side crash test verification.

Overall evaluation
Structure and safety cage
Driver injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Driver head protection
Rear passenger injury measures
Head/neck
Torso
Pelvis/leg
Rear passenger head protection
Technical measurements for this test

Measures of occupant compartment intrusion on driver side

Test ID VTS1906
B-pillar to longitudinal centerline of driver's seat (cm) -19.0
Negative numbers indicate the amount by which the crush stopped short of the seat centerline.

Driver injury measures

Test ID VTS1906
Head HIC-15 156
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.3
Compression (kN) 0.6
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 35
Lateral force (kN) 1.7
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 30
Average deflection (mm) 25
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 2.48
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.32
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.8
Acetabulum force (kN) 2.6
Combined force (kN) 3.3
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 1.3
L-M moment (Nm) 203
A-P moment (Nm) 39

Passenger injury measures

Test ID VTS1906
Head HIC-15 94
Neck
Tension (kN) 0.1
Compression (kN) 0.8
Shoulder
Lateral deflection (mm) 29
Lateral force (kN) 1.2
Torso
Maximum deflection (mm) 21
Average deflection (mm) 16
Maximum deflection rate (m/s) 3.70
Maximum viscous criterion (m/s) 0.16
Pelvis
Iliac force (kN) 0.4
Acetabulum force (kN) 1.5
Combined force (kN) 1.7
Left femur
L-M force (kN) 0.8
L-M moment (Nm) 57
A-P moment (Nm) 38

How the side crash test is conducted

Roof strength

Rating applies to 2019 models

Tested vehicle: 2019 Subaru Crosstrek Hybrid wagon 4wd

Overall evaluation
Curb weight 3,760 lbs
Peak force 16,860 lbs
Strength-to-weight ratio 4.48

How the roof strength test is conducted

Head restraints & seats

Seat type: Power leather seat

Overall evaluation
Dynamic rating
Seat/head restraint geometry
Technical measurements for this test
Seat type Power leather seat
Geometry
Backset (mm) 16
Distance below top of head (mm) 2
Seat design parameters
Pass/fail Pass
Max T1 acceleration (g) 11.0
Head contact time (ms) 59
Force rating 1
Neck forces
Max neck shear force (N) 0
Max neck tension (N) 353

How the head restraint & seat test is conducted

Front crash prevention: vehicle-to-vehicle

System details

  • Standard EyeSight

Overall evaluation

Applies to 2019 models

Superior
Superior
  • This system meets the requirements for forward collision warning.
  • In the 12 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.
  • In the 25 mph IIHS test, this vehicle avoided a collision.

How front crash prevention is evaluated

Headlights

Trim level(s)

  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Distance at which headlights provide at least 5 lux illumination:
car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler car-simpler 0 ft 100 ft 200 ft 300 ft 400 ft 500 ft 600 ft Low beams Optimal low-beam illumination High beams Optimal high-beam illumination High-beam assist credit

Low beams
On the straightaway, visibility was good on both sides of the road. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

The low beams never exceeded glare limits.

High beams
On the straightaway, visibility was fair on the right side of the road and inadequate on the left side. On curves, visibility was good in all 4 tests.

High-beam assist compensates for some limitations of this vehicle's low beams on the straightaway and on the sharp left curve.

Technical measurements for this test
Trim level(s)
  • All trims
Low-beam headlight type LED projector
High-beam headlight type LED projector
Curve-adaptive? Yes
High-beam assist? Yes
Overall rating
Applies to 2019 models
LOW BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Amount glare
exceeded threshold
Straightaway right edge 104.6 m None
Straightaway left edge 59.0 m None
250m radius right curve, right edge 85.0 m None
250m radius left curve, right edge 71.0 m None
150m radius right curve, right edge 70.0 m None
150m radius left curve, left edge 59.5 m None
HIGH BEAMS Average minimum useful
illumination distance (5 lux)
Straightaway right edge 140.1 m
Straightaway left edge 122.3 m
250m radius right curve, right edge 89.4 m
250m radius left curve, left edge 101.4 m
150m radius right curve, right edge 72.8 m
150m radius left curve, left edge 80.8 m

How headlights are evaluated

Child seat anchors

Applies to 2019 models

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim all trims
Seat type leather

This vehicle has 2 rear seating positions with complete child seat attachment (LATCH) hardware.

It has 1 additional seating position with a tether anchor and the ability to borrow lower anchors from the other seating positions.

Note: When anchors are borrowed, they aren't available to use in their designated positions.

Overall evaluation
+
extra LATCH positions
Vehicle trim all trims
Seat type leather
1 2 3
G Good
A Acceptable
M Marginal
P Poor
Seating positions that rely on borrowed lower anchors or have only a tether anchor available are not rated.
thether anchor symbol
Tether anchor
lower anchor symbol
Lower anchors
shared lower achors symbol
Lower anchor(s) can be borrowed from adjacent positions(s)
No hardware available

Details by seating position

1
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
2
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
Can be borrowed from 1 and 3
3
Tether anchor
easy-to-find location
no other hardware could be confused for anchor
Lower anchors
not too deep in seat
not too much force needed to attach
easy to maneuver around anchors
Technical measurements for this test

Seat position 21

3

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 96
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 97
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 22

2

Lower anchor A
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Lower anchor B
Lower latch is shared for this seat position
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

Seat position 23

1

Lower anchor A
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 96
Lower anchor B
Open access rated Yes
Depth Visible
Force (lbs) 0
Clearance angle (degrees) 98
Tether anchor
Location Middle seatback
Confusing hardware present No
Has contrasting label
within 3 inches of tether anchor
Yes

How child seat anchors are evaluated